Turners Syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects women only where there is only one X chromosome rather than two. What this means is that those affected have one 45 instead of the usual 46 chromosomes and are infertile as the ovaries have never formed. As a result they never have periods (menses, menstruation), breasts don’t develop and neither does the body hair common with the onset of puberty.
The Menstrual Cycle is a series of events that occurs over a period of time that prepares the lining of the uterus (womb) for pregnancy through the implanting of a fertilised egg. If a pregnancy doesn’t occur, then the lining of the womb that has been built up is shed through menstruation (period).
Anovulatory bleeding is bleeding from the vagina without ovulation. The majority of women have a monthly cycle which produces a variety of changes to the lining of the uterus reading for the implantation of a fertilised egg. If the egg isn’t fertilised then it is shed, along with the lining of the womb as a ‘period’ (menstrual bleed).
Salpingitis is the inflammation/infection of the fallopian tubes that extend from the uterus to the ovaries. When an infection occurs there is extra fluid (or pus) inside the fallopian tube and it is almost inevitable that when one tube is infected, the other will be too because of the movement of bacteria from the infection through the lymphatic system.
Cervicitis is an inflammation of the cervix which can be caused by tampons, IUD strings, chemicals or an infection of some description such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea. It can range from mild to severe and symptoms may include vaginal discharge, back and pelvic pain, pain during intercourse, bleeding following intercourse.
Von Willebrand’s is an inherited blood clotting condition that leads to abnormal bleeding similar to haemophilia. It can affect both men and women, unlike haemophilia and it is thought that about 1 in 100 women suffers from it so it is worth getting this checked out if you are contemplating a hysterectomy because of heavy bleeding.
Polycystic ovaries (also called Stein-Leventhal syndrome or PCOS) is a condition associated with multiple cysts on or in the ovaries. Every month, during a normal menstrual cycle, the ovaries will produce follicles that contain the eggs which are released.
It is widely known that breast tumours grow more quickly when they are exposed to oestrogen, women becoming pregnant are thus exposed to extra oestrogen. However a recent Danish study has claimed that pregnancy after breast cancer treatment does not…