Cervicitis is an inflammation of the cervix which can be caused by tampons, IUD strings, chemicals or an infection of some description such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea. It can range from mild to severe and symptoms may include vaginal discharge, back and pelvic pain, pain during intercourse, bleeding following intercourse.
Generally a diagnosis is made via a cervical smear/pap test where a number of cells are removed for examination. Treatment will depend on how severe the infection is and what the cause of it is, but may include pessaries, creams and/or other antibiotics. It is possible that a partner may require treatment as well, especially if the infection is caused by a sexually transmitted disease. Complementary therapies may include the use of vitamin E pessaries and the use of spermicidal creams and jellies.
If the problem persists, it may be possible to remove the abnormal tissues from the cervical area via surgery such as laser, cone biopsy, cauterisation or cryo-surgery.
An infection may also make it difficult to conceive as discharge may block the cervical canal.
- Taking Charge of Your Fertility: The Definitive Guide to Natural Birth Control, Pregnancy Achievement, and Reproductive Health